*Please check asterisks for end time variations

* Organised by time slots

* Exhibitions below


11:00 AM – 12:30 PM



Movement For Justice By Any Means Necessary

Great Hall *ends at 2:30PM

Put before the tribunal will be the following proposition: The system of immigration detention is inherently racist and abusive. Any progressive reforms will disappear into a system that must, by its very nature mentally and physically destroy people, the system itself must be abolished. You will hear testimony from those who have survived this system and fight for its abolition. Detention Centres are the sites of uprisings, demonstrations and hunger strikes. You, the tribunal, will hear evidence of that resistance and the abuses of the system, you will be asked to reach a verdict.



United Migrant Workers Education Project, Movimiento Ecuador en el Reino Unido (MERU), Independent Worker Union (Cleaners and Facilities Branch)

Courtyard Room

What does it mean to clean the house and iron the shirts of a politician for 7 years after which he sets out to remove you from the public’s conscience? What does it mean to clean the library of a university that assisted in legitimising the colonial occupation and destroying your ancient cities? What does it mean to clean a university where its students come from the most privileged homes? Lead by cleaners this session explores the roles and experiences of the so-called "Latin American" community in London; how doctors became cleaners, how they are vital to the day-to-day life of this city and how is it that they are never acknowledged?



Lena Mohamed, Rovianne Matovu,  Esther Stanford-Xosei 


Cities are good for some but almost always create and incubate inequality for the majority world’s peoples. This discussion will focus on the ways in which museums and galleries in London are used to further entrench white supremacy in to the everyday life of the city. Using the South London Gallery,  Barbican's 'Exhibit B', and Trafalgar Square's Fourth Plinth as case studies this session will show how the space, programming and community participation projects continue the historic and systematic exclusion of people of colour. The aim of the event is to unpack the way in which museums and galleries set themselves up as intellectual institutions that act as guardians of 'our' culture.



Black History Walks

Meet outside St Paul’s tube station – near the Cafe Nero.

*ends at 1:00PM

The Corporation of London remains the institutional mastermind and financial instigator of most of Britain’s well-documented monstrous crimes around the world. Black History Walks will take you on a 100 minute guided walk through of hundreds of years of African presence in the City of London. Discover secret alleyways and enormous buildings all connected to Africa and the Caribbean in ways that the owners do not want you to know. Find out about black loyalists and African revolutionaries. Uncover the submerged links between racism, trade, religion, slavery and politics that are still evident in the very streets and buildings of this Roman Empire settlement. Registration required


1:00PM – 2:30PM 

Decolonising Education //   ACADEMIC INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Malia Bouttia, Adam Cooper

Courtyard Room

“If you wanted to change an ancient culture in a generation, how would you do it? You would change the way it educates its children.” An interactive discussion regarding the westernised university, Eurocentric education systems, whitewashed curricula, and methods of distributing knowledge with the aim of understanding the importance of decolonial movements within education not only within western spaces, but globally.  


The Left: Enemies in the First Nations’ Struggle for Justice? // WHITE SUPREMACY, WHITE PRIVILEGE, COLUMBUSING

David Bedford


In this session David Bedford who is joining us from the east coast of Turtle Island (‘Canada’) will expand on the thesis of his book ‘The Tragedy of Progress; Marxism, Modernity and the Aboriginal Question’. David’s book pulls apart the assumption that ‘the left’ are or have been allies to indigenous peoples around the world. David shows how Marx and Engels’s ideas were rooted in myths of Western superiority and readings of their work, which argues that there are ‘stages of progress’, have done nothing to prevent the death of hundreds of millions of indigenous peoples, and propelled Westernisation and urbanisation right around the globe.   


How To Impersonate A Plain Clothes Officer // SECURITISATION OF URBAN SPACE

Simon Farid

Brushfield 6

Impersonating a police officer is a crime. But as we all know, police officers impersonate 'us' (the public) all the time. This workshop will look to rebalance this. Beginning with a group discussion about our experiences of plain-clothes police officers, undercover security workers etc. we will look to identify how such people can be 'spotted'.  We will then go out into the city and impersonate undercover police officers ourselves, before returning and examining our experiences.


3:00PM – 4:30PM


How does the Academic Industrial Complex target and effect BME and Non-EU International Students? // ACAEMIC INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Sanaz Rajii, April Reilly, Shaki Obadina

Great Hall

Sanaz Raji continues to fight a battle against the UK Academic Industrial Complex that set to take advantage of her vulnerability as on overseas student and person of colour. Sanaz is joined by theorists April Reilly and Shaki Obadina who will uncover the ‘University as a City’ interrogating how the rampant neoliberalization has further marginalized non-EU international students, how universities are complicit in acting in line with xenophobic immigration policy while at the same time casting the colonial divide and rule strategy. The session will also confront the myopic nature of the British student movement, Cops off Campus, and other such initiatives when it comes to BME and non-EU international students.


Empty Cages Collective 


* ends at 5pm

Despite a prison-building boom there is growing call for complete prison abolition. The UK prison population has doubled in just the last 20 years. The UK has the highest prison population per capita in Europe and also the most privatised. The UK system incarcerates a massively disproportionate number of majority world peoples. Empty Cages Collective (ex-prisoners) will be running a Tear Down The Walls Workshop that exposes the Prison Industrial Complex whilst proposing complete Prison Abolition. 



Alex Schafran

Courtyard Room

A discussion about the future of urban studies, the urban academy, and the various pieces of the academic-industrial complex involved in the production of ‘The Urban Industry’. It begins by challenging the academy on numerous fronts, from its growing political marginality to its stale conception of keys issues like capitalism, modernism, neoliberalism, from its dysfunctional disciplines to an unwillingness to actually welcome race and class diversity. It proposes a radically different conception of the role of the urban academy in the future of cities, one which sees the transformation of the academy as central to the transformation of cities. 


5:00PM – 7:00PM


War on White Supremacy & Eviction Notice //  WHITE SUPREMACY, WHITE PRIVILEGE, COLUMBUSING

Olin Tezcatlipoca , Awqapuma Yayra Colque, Nemequene Aquiminzaque Tundama 

Great Hall

This important discussion will highlight how the whitewashing of the continent  Cemenahauc (‘Americans’) has hidden the truth about its ancient cities and civilisations. European colonialisation is put on trial. Was the notion of European racial superiority, "White" supremacy, initiated by the Papal Bulls of the mid-15th century?  Did the corrupt aspects of European Christian morality make for the justification of the criminal and immoral aspects of the invasion, conquest, and the use of smallpox as a weapon of colonization? How will knowledge of history and clarity on identity unite the Nican Tlaca (indigenous peoples) against white supremacy?


7:00PM – 8:00PM


Schooling the World: The White Man’s Last Burden FILM // ACADEMIC INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX 

Carol Black 

Great Hall

This well researched documentary shows the very considered and deliberate processes the west has undertaken to globalise and homogenise education processes and content around the world. The film shows how this education system not only fails ‘America’ but more importantly how it turns 90% of the world into failures whilst continually elevating an undeserved superiority to the west. The film also takes a hard look at Westerners that teach and build schools in the robbed world. 


8:00PM – 9:00PM



Gabriel Mascaro 

Great Hall

Following Gabriel Mascaro’s weighty study of the ultra bourgeois spaces that are high-rise buildings in Brazil (High Rise 2010) Mascaro takes a closer look inside the ‘Brazilian’ home -this time concentrating on the daily lives of live-in domestic servants. Despite maids being ever present in Brazilian life they are rarely, if ever, considered. Seven young people film the practice of everyday life of their maid with their family. The film provides us with a rare insight into the reverberations of an on-going colonisation that continues to permeate in and through Brazilian families. The images that confront us uncover the difficult relationship that exists between housemaids and their employers; a relationship that obscures intimacy and power.



*please check asterisks for end time variations


 11:00AM – 12:30PM



Les Levidow (CAMPACC), Sasithar Maheswaran (Tamil Coordinating Committee-UK), Karthick RM (University of Essex), Duale Yusuf (Somali Youth Project and Somali Unity Council), Ali Has (Morgan Has Solicitors)

Great Hall

So fast and so ruthless is the current process of reducing official and unofficial human dignity/rights it is difficult to know what is left to take. Most recently in the UK, the Tories have promised to remove British subjects from the European Convention of Human Rights and extend deep surveillance. Much of the world is in civil war; 10m people have been killed in Congo in the last 10 years alone and one of the world’s largest religions has been used to generate a politics of fear; stigmatising Muslim and migrant communities as 'terror suspects and extremists'. This has given a pretext to impose various punishments without trial – financial sanctions, blacklisting, and deportation, revoking of citizenship, deep surveillance, racial profiling and tribunals with secret evidence. It is worse than a film. Come and find out how to change the ending of the film.


Art, Politics and Social Housing // CITY AS INEQUALITY

Andrea Luka Zimmerman, Cathy Ward, Gillian McIver 

Courtyard Room 

After publishing Estate: Art, Politics and Social Housing in Britain Andrea Luka Zimmerman set out to make a film exploring the continued destruction of social housing in Britain. Gillian McIver made Taking over the Kingsland. Both artists lived on the estate for over a decade, also home to Cathy Ward’s studio during the 1980s. They explore how artists are instrumentalised in the processes of ‘regeneration’ and possibilities in challenging this role. Join Andrea, Cathy and Gillian for a discussion of these pertinent questions and get a sneak a peek of Estate, a Reverie before its 22 November premiere at Dalston’s Rio Cinema.


Examining the geographies of the transformation in Madurai; South India // CITY AS INEQUALITY

Jayaraj Sundaresan


*ends at 12pm

The multi-layered historical morphology of the Indian city is a testimony to its cultural,  economic and the political history- the many constructions,  plunders,  reconstructions,  renovations,  reinventions and resilience. Continually inhabited for about two thousand years, City of Madurai is one of the major political economic and cultural centres in south India.   Examining the transformation of the ecological commons in the city of Madurai in South India,  this presentation will invite the audience to deliberate on the contrasting outcomes of two moments of technology that defined the geography of its ecological commons.



Luwezi Kinshasa

Brushfield 6

Informed by Chairman Omali Yeshitela’s recent publication ‘Unequal Equilibrium’, this discussion will consider the historical conditions that have resulted in the emergence of the oppressed peoples as the determinant social force, actively reversing the verdict of imperialism. Today the tables have turned and the U.S. is attempting to stave off the growing worldwide threats to imperialism as it currently exists, fighting to regain its preeminence in the tottering world imperialist system. There is an uneasy equilibrium between the past and the future and much anxiety abounds throughout the world. Every individual, every social force that perceives its future attached to the existing imperialist social system is experiencing severe distress.  


 12:00AM – 1:00PM


Producing knowledge and Removing equalities by the western academic industrial complex  // ACADEMIC INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

Murali Shanmugavelan


 What is the socio-economic background of academics and PhD students? Who gets funding and who doesn’t? Are funded PhD students just another example of the transfer of money from the poor to the already rich? What does it mean for an academic to make a career out of studying ‘the other’? Have they got too much invested in the system to risk producing critical research that would rupture the status quo? And what of these non-western academics willing to self-colonise and join in the processes of globalisation? Should the global Academic Industrial Complex be understood as part of the Euro-American Military Industrial Complex – contributing to another hundred years of their dominance? ‚Äč


1:00PM – 2:30PM


Fighting for the right to life: State racism and the enduring criminalisation via the War on Terror // SECURITISATION OF URBAN SPACE

Hamja Ahsan, Nisha Kapoor

Great Hall

Hamja’s older brother Talha Ahsan was taken from his bedroom in south London aged 26, held without charge in various maximum-security prisons in the UK for 6 years before being extradited to America where he was held in solidary confinement for two years. As soon as his case did go in front of a judge he was released. Talha is now 34 years old and soon to embark on rebuilding his and his families shattered life. One of the key outcomes of the US/UK/Europe state’s War on Terror has been to justify the enhancement of securitisation and the making of citizenship vulnerable; ‘citizenship is a privilege, not a right’.  This session will explore these dynamics in more detail, discuss the cases of individuals who have been affected, and question what the implications of state actions are on the right to life. It is also an opportunity to celebrate Talha’s release.


Social Exclusion and Disasters // CITY AS INEQUALITY

Pradnya Garud


Caste is the most pervasive system in India. It has created graded hierarchy and has deep rooted notion of 'untouchability' attached to it. This has led to extreme forms of social exclusion and violence on the Dalits. The rigidity of Caste practices are even aggravated more during disaster situation which has led to indignities of Dalit bodies in disaster affected areas. The limited preview to look at the disaster sites has failed to look and recognize the issues which Dalits face. The social evil that exists in the form of caste system, its origin as explained by Dr. Ambedkar and how it creates multiple level of vulnerabilities during disasters will be presented in the talk.


 2:00PM – 3:00PM


Bishopsgate Archive & Library Tour // CITY MEANS INEQUALITY

Stefan Dickers

* meet outside the library

What was the ‘battle of the books’ and why did the Institute lock away one archive item from the public fearing it may cause revolution? Find out at this popular behind-the-scenes tour of Bishopsgate Library exploring its unique and fascinating history and the collections relating to the history of London,  radicalism, revolution, anti-colonialism and protest.


3:00PM – 4:30PM


Archiving as Strategy Towards Change in the Present // CITY AS INEQUALITY

Jonathan Hoskins, Stefan Dickers, On The Record


What potential can ‘archiving’ offer for localised political action if it is thought of not as a collection of material objects to benefit the future, but as a set of processes, practices and strategies to benefit the present? What exactly is this potential? Can such strategies be accessible to everyone? This event will include presentations from speakers experienced in ‘archiving as strategy’. It’s for anyone who wants to discuss these questions in concrete, practical terms.


Challenging White Supremacy Within The Media & Arts Industry // WHITE SUPREMACY, WHITE PRIVILEGE, COLUMBUSING

Sara Meyers, Kehinde Andrews

Great Hall

What is white supremacy and how is it upheld in our society? How can we actively work together to challenge mainstream propaganda? What have we learnt from the campaign against the Human Zoo Exhibit? And where do we go from here? Join us to discuss how we create a better society where there is justice and equal equality for all.


The 2013 Water Lily Massacre: The Dhaka-London Interconnector // SECURITISATION OF URBAN SPACE

Brethren of Black Lotus

Courtyard Room

This event provides a transnational case study of how The War On Terror narrative is adopted and mobilised by urban elites in the Majority World for their own advantage. In May last year, scores, if not hundreds, of protesters were killed by the Bangladesh state, as they slept. Covered up by institutions we pay for, this multimedia session explores how the War on Terror narrative reverberates to the tune of capital and through the hands of power elites in Africa and Asia. Connecting recent trends in urban protest globally, the discussion will explore the tactics and strategies employed to justify, carry out and paper over state brutality.



Saleh Mamon, Tajender Sagoo, Shiraz Durrani 

Brushfield 6

This session highlights how The Mau May changed the history not only of Kenya, but that of colonialism in Africa and the entire venture of the “British Vampire”. It saw the danger posed not only by colonialism, but the emergence of imperialism after independence. It fought for its twin goals, symbolised by the name of its armed wing, the Land and Freedom Army.  Such a major resistance movement deserves serious analysis, not silence and distortion.  But that is what Mau Mau has often been faced in the West where its revolutionary nature is ignored.  It is then misrepresented as a primitive, “tribal” movement and is seen in isolation from its historical, economic, social and political context.  


5:00PM – 7:00PM



Olin Tezcatlipoca (Founder of Mexica Movement), Benny Wenda (West Papua independence leader and former political prisoner), Pradnya Garud (Disaster Researcher and End Caste Activist), Ward LeRoy Churchill (Sacked Professor, Author and Indigenous Activist), David Bedford (Author and academic).  Chaired by Awqapuma Yayra Colque and Nemequene Aquiminzaque Tundama  

Great Hall

This remarkable conversation will focus on Bedford and Churchill’s thesis that the Marxist notion of ‘progress’ as understood and utilised by ‘the left’/ ‘progressives’, continues to undermine the lives of the majority world, particularly the indigenous populations still under occupation. Were Marx and Engels’s ideas rooted in myths of white supremacy? Have readings of their work that argue there are ‘phases of progress’ enabled those with a vested interest to allow, participate or turn a blind eye to genocide, globalisation, land theft and the subsequent speed of urbanisation? What are the consequences or experiences of criticising ‘the Left’? Importantly, the panel will also discuss resistance and the struggle for self-determination. Registration





Director: Madelaine Moore
Writer: Leah Cowan 
Production: The Thelmas
Cast: Anthony Cozens, Sukh Ojla, Paul Thomas and Obioma Ugoala


A 30-minute dark comic theatrical piece. Jerome at one point in his life was detained at Harmondsworth Immigration Removal Centre. His imprisonment provides a vivid testimony to the oppressive, racist and neo-colonial forces of immigration control. The piece explores the question of the 'Securitisation of Urban Space'; the use of immigration detention to detain, surround and curtail human lives within oppressive neo-colonial frameworks. In Immigration Detention, companies such as Serco, G4S, GEO and Mitie profit hugely from the physical implementation of racist policy.


7:00PM – 9:00PM



Göran Hugo Olsson | Frantz Fanon

Great Hall

"Colonialism is not a thinking machine, nor a body endowed with reasoning faculties. It is violence in its natural state, and it will only yield when confronted with greater violence."

Frantz Fanon’s powerful and pertinent chapter Concerning Violence (from The Wretched of the Earth) has been appropriately respected by Swede film archivist Göran Olsson. The film, produced by Danny Glover, is in fact a reading of Fanon’s chapter by Lauren Hill. Olsson illuminates the nine sections using footage from Sweden’s own national archives and in doing so provides an exceptionally palpable insight into Europeans and ‘the colonies’ at a time of their consistent defeat. This footage, for example, includes an interview with Swedish missionaries, Europeans playing golf and interviews with fighters. Fannon examines the nature of European class, culture and violence and expresses a profound alienation of the colonialist’s practices. Registration




Charlie Coffey

When a festival participate arrives they will be handed a flyer designed by artist Charlie Coffey. It is a prompt for festivalgoers to seek out the swimming pool, which must be located somewhere in the building – probably at the top. The artwork provokes questions about the emerging affluence and aspirational lifestyles, only to contrast this against the much discussed effects of such rampant or accelerated demographic shifts upon so called 'up and coming' - or traditionally socio-economically deprived - neighbourhoods. Somewhere At The Top There's A Swimming Pool challenges the changing role of the artist and ever-increasing instrumentalisation of artistic practice within the property development industry.  



Bekki Periman 

Great Hall

Homeless culture is explored through photography and sound, inviting audiences to pay attention to the intimate, sometimes humorous, often disturbing and mostly ignored experiences of homeless people. Inspired by the artist’s own experience of life on the streets, the project uses a direct and unsentimental approach to investigating the personal, social and political dimensions of homelessness and offers an opportunity to listen to society’s most silenced voices. The work also takes into account the 'pull' of life on the street; the shared language, ideas of territory, common history... all the things that make a culture. 


Last Day of Republic // WHO DARES WINS URBANISIM

Reynold Reynolds 

Hallway Galleries

How symbolic can a small part of a city be? What does the demolition of the Palast der Republik, Berlin mean? What does it mean despite the overwhelming majority of East Germans wishing to preserve ‘the people’s palace’ that artists flooded it and turned it in to a fun park, that the steel from the demolished building was shipped to the UAE to be used in the construction of the world’s largest building; the Burj Khalifa and today a replica of the Prussian-era Stadtschloss is rising out of the ground. The new old building will house ‘the collection of non-European art’ of one of Germany’s most notorious colonists. The film ‘Last Day of Republic’ is a time-lapse documentation of the final demolition weeks of the old Palast der Republik, which was the government seat of the GDR in East Berlin.


Mapping Identity: Baghdad // SECURITISATION OF URBAN SPACE

Antonio Ottamanalli and the students of the Fine Arts Faculty Baghdad:
Ali majed - Muslim Aqeel Hassan - Noor Abid Ali - Sarmad Sabar Abid - Noor aladdin Mohamed - Mohammed Bassim - Meden Kadhem - Ali Sabar Hardan

Hallway Galleries

This video/project was realized between November 2011 and February 2012 - during the months U.S. troops withdrew from Baghdad, Iraq. Students from the Fine Arts Faculty of the University of Baghdad created the work.This project shouldn’t be confused with the recently released and very controversial Humanitarian OpenStreetMap Team [HOT] project.  ‘Mapping’ remains a very problematic endeavor; maps are not just utilitarian technologies but symbolic interpretations and are critical to structuring our relationships with a city. They also take huge human resources to generate. Baghdad is an ancient city however since the ‘allied invasion’ in 2003 much of it has become hidden; placed behind anti-explosion walls which divide communities and add hours on to journeys due to countless checkpoints. This mapping reveals not just the streets but also the material conditions of a city fractured by occupation and war.



Aram Pan 

Dance Studio Gallery

Very very few people have visited North Korea however few countries elicit such strong knee jerk reaction from just about everyone. Ignorance mixed with media proscriptions such as ‘secretive’ and part of GW Bush’s ‘the axis of evil’ mean an entire nation can be misunderstood and made available to be misused for different agendas. Aram Pan is a Singaporean based photographer who had always been curious if there was a difference between what the media and westernised governments said about North Korea and the actual everyday life of its citizens. In 2013 Pan set out to uncover the ordinary in North Korea and of course he found what he knew he thought he would an extraordinarily ordinary everyday. 


The War Machine // CITIES TO DIE FOR

Mark McGowan 

Brushfield 8

Before Mark McGowan was the Artist Taxi Driver he used to push nuts with his nose between cities and be a human catapult. In recent years his artworks under the signature of Artist Taxi Driver have focussed on the traumas of the post 2008 world. Mark has made an average of two 11-minute films per day since then. His films receive around 10,000 views per week. In 2014 Mark made the  The War Machine an epic 2hours 57mins long film that includes over 92 interviews and endless ‘outbursts’ from Mark himself. The War Machine is on a continuous loop.


Kenya Land & Freedom Depository //  WAR & REFUGEE CITIES / WE THE REBUILT

Saleh Mamon, Tajender Sagoo

Brushfield 6

 Tajender Sagoo and Saleh Mamon present the Kenya Land and Freedom Despository project, reflecting on experiences in the British colony of Kenya, especially during the Emergency 1950 – 1960 and the Mau Mau liberation struggle. The Land & Freedom Depositions project seeks to explore the silences present in the ongoing British narrative of Kenya via the construction of a new visual dialogue.



Juan Delgado 

Brushfield 7

This film is shot in Terminal SUR, a coach station that opened in 2009 that is located in the southern areas of Bogota. For over 500 years the First Nations of what is now called ‘Colombia’ have been brutally massacred and forcefully driven from their lands as the conquistadors sought to steal and dominate their land and it’s resources. Those that do survive are pushed off the land and in to a small handful of cities. Terminal Sur, a coach station, is often their first port of call. In the coach station they are meet by an officer who registers them as "desplazado"(Displaced person) and will open a file documenting the individuals experience, recording what happened to the individual and their family. DelGado’s film focuses on the absence of these people from the space while their voices are very and ever present.

The Registration Machine // THE URBAN INDUSTRY

Jan Lemitz 

Brushfield 9

Capitalism builds walls (nation states, for example) and then sets about demolishing them (Channel Tunnel, for example).  Following this neo-liberalism problematizes the new greys zones it has created (Sangatte). The Registration Machine addresses a particular kind of in-between space, an undefined territory that is resisting clear definition. It reflects concepts and politics of hospitality and counter-hospitality as well as mechanism of inclusion and exclusion inherent in concepts of the border and in the construction of narratives. The project makes use of found archival photographs, that allow to reframe the narratives surrounding particular events, that unfolded in the presence of the camera.


Money Lane 2014

WhittyGordon Projects

Hallway Galleries

A short film produced by WhittyGordon Projects with Hackney residents about the changes happening in their community due to the redevelopment and rebranding of Morning Lane into a 'Fashion Hub'. Developers, journalists, architects, fashion students and local residents are interviewed.  The film offers insight into the fast paced changes Hackney is currently undergoing and how this will affect the local people and their neighbourhood.



In Memory of Athiraman Kannan // CITIES TO DIE FOR

Deepa Naik & Trenton Oldfield

Hallway Galleries

On the 11th may 2011 news reached us in Jeddah that a man, later to named Athiraman Kannan, had the previous day, jumped to his death from the 147th floor of the world’s tallest building; the Burji Khalifa. From India, he came to Dubai to work. He cleaned the newly opened building. Our  attempt to honour Athiraman Kannan, and his call for attention to the lives of migrant workers, we photographed what we started to describe as the ‘pop out city’. These spaces were described to us by the domestic workers who used them as their attempt at permanency, comfort and retreat in an always vulnerable and precarious life as a migrant worker. Unlike the families they worked for, whose life exists almost entirely behind these walls, their lives exist on the street, which is forging new notions ‘the public’ in city largely concerned with ‘privacy’.